Charlotte Salomon: Life? or Theatre? - The Characters in Life? or Theatre?

Exhibition on view March 31, 2011 – October 16, 2011

The characters in Life? or Theatre? are Charlotte's family members and friends to whom she gave fictionalized names, including herself, appearing under the pseudonym "Charlotte Kann." The slideshow below matches each character in Life? or Theatre? with the real person.


Charlotte Salomon

Charlotte herself is Charlotte Kann in Life? or Theatre?.

Born: Germany, 1917
Died: Auschwitz Concentration Camp, 1943


Charlotte Kann

Charlotte's depiction of herself.


Albert Salomon

Charlotte's father is Albert Kann in Life? or Theatre?.

Born: Germany, 1883
Died: Amsterdam, 1976


Albert Kann

Charlotte's depiction of her father.


Paula Salomon-Lindberg

Charlotteʼs step-mother is Paulinka Bimbam in Life? or Theatre?.

Born: Germany, 1897
Died: Amsterdam, 2000


Paulinka Bimbam

Charlotte's depiction of her step-mother.


Alfred Wolfson

Charlotteʼs great love is Amadeus Daberlohn in Life? or Theatre?.

Born: Germany, 1896
Died: England, 1962


Amadeus Daberlohn

Charlotte's depiction of Wolfson.


Marianne Grunwald-Benda

Charlotteʼs grandmother is Grandmother Knarre in Life? or Theatre?.

Born: Germany, 1867
Died: Villefranche, 1940


Grandmother Knarre

Charlotte's depiction of her grandmother.


Dr. Ludwig Grunwald

Charlotteʼs grandfather is Grandfather Knarre in Life? or Theatre?.

Born: Germany, 1862
Died: Nice, 1943


Grandfather Knarre

Charlotte's depiction of her grandfather.

Images: Charlotte Salomon, Gouaches from "Life? or Theatre?," 1940-1942, Villefranche, France. Collection Jewish Historical Museum, Amsterdam. Copyright Charlotte Salomon Foundation.


This touring exhibition was organized by the Joods Historisch Museum, Amsterdam, and was specially created by Dr. Sabine Schulze, director at the Hamburger Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, and Edward van Voolen, curator of the Joods Historisch Museum, Amsterdam. All works in the exhibition are from the Joods Historisch Museum, Amsterdam. Copyright holder is the Charlotte Salomon Foundation.

The San Francisco presentation has been made possible by the generous and visionary support of Dorothy R. Saxe; Lydia and Doug Shorenstein; Roselyne Chroman Swig; Laszlo N. Tauber Family Foundation; Jim Joseph Foundation; Phyllis Moldaw; Jewish Community Endowment Holocaust Memorial/Education Fund of the Jewish Community Federation of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties; and the Consulate General of the Federal Republic of Germany - San Francisco. This project is also supported by several other individuals and public funds from the Netherlands Cultural Services.

The exhibition publication has been made possible by the thoughtful support of the Brill Family Foundation, Karen and Michael Zeff, and Luba Troyanovsky.

The Koret and Taube Foundations are the lead supporters of the 2010 / 2011 exhibition season.

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